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SharePoint 开发学习——Timer Job

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2024年01月22日

SharePoint 开发学习——Timer Job

作者:spring yang

出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/springyangwc/

 

概要

   项目需求要求我们每天晚上同步员工的一些信息到sharepoint 的user List ,我们决定定制开发sharepoint timer Job,Sharepoint timer Job是sharePoint的定时作业Job,需要安装、布曙到服务器上,而这里我只是介绍下Job开发的例子,以供大家学习用。

开发设计

我们需要新建两个类,TaskLoggerJob和TaskLoggerFeature,TaskLoggerJob实现这个Job具体做哪些工和,TaskLoggerFeature实现安装和卸载这个Job以及定义Job执行时间和方式。

在开发Job时需要引用如下Dll

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using Microsoft.SharePoint;
using Microsoft.SharePoint.Utilities;
using Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration;

TaskLoggerJob设计代码如下:

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public class TaskLoggerJob : SPJobDefinition
{
    #region [Fields]
 
 
 
    #endregion
 
    #region [Constructors]
 
    /// <summary>
    /// Initializes a new instance of the TaskLoggerJob class.
    /// </summary>
    public TaskLoggerJob()
        : base()
    {
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// Initializes a new instance of the TaskLoggerJob class.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="jobName">Name of the job.</param>
    /// <param name="service">The service.</param>
    /// <param name="server">The server.</param>
    /// <param name="targetType">Type of the target.</param>
    public TaskLoggerJob(string jobName, SPService service, SPServer server, SPJobLockType targetType)
        : base(jobName, service, server, targetType)
    {
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// Initializes a new instance of the TaskLoggerJob class.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="jobName">Name of the job.</param>
    /// <param name="webApplication">The web application.</param>
    public TaskLoggerJob(string jobName, SPWebApplication webApplication)
        : base(jobName, webApplication, null, SPJobLockType.Job)
    {
        this.Title = "Task Logger";
    }
 
    #endregion
 
    #region [Public Methods]
 
    /// <summary>
    /// Executes the specified content db id.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="contentDbId">The content db id.</param>
    public override void Execute(Guid contentDbId)
    {
        try
        {
            // get a reference to the current site collection's content database
            SPWebApplication webApplication = this.Parent as SPWebApplication;
            SPContentDatabase contentDb = webApplication.ContentDatabases[contentDbId];
 
            // get a reference to the "Tasks" list in the RootWeb of the first site collection in the content database
            SPList taskList = contentDb.Sites[0].RootWeb.Lists["Tasks"];
 
            // create a new task, set the Title to the current day/time, and update the item
            SPListItem newTask = taskList.Items.Add();
            newTask["Title"] = DateTime.Now.ToString();
            newTask.Update();
 
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            LogHepler.LogToShrepointList(ex);
        }
    }
 
    #endregion
 
    #region [Private Methods]
 
 
 
    #endregion
}

在TaskLoggerFeature时我们调用这个构造方法:

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/// <summary>
/// Initializes a new instance of the TaskLoggerJob class.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="jobName">Name of the job.</param>
/// <param name="webApplication">The web application.</param>
public TaskLoggerJob(string jobName, SPWebApplication webApplication)
    : base(jobName, webApplication, null, SPJobLockType.Job)
{
    this.Title = "Task Logger";
}

来初始化SPJobDefinition方法,Job具体要做的事性我们实现这个方法:

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/// <summary>
/// Executes the specified content db id.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="contentDbId">The content db id.</param>
public override void Execute(Guid contentDbId)
{
    try
    {
        // get a reference to the current site collection's content database
        SPWebApplication webApplication = this.Parent as SPWebApplication;
        SPContentDatabase contentDb = webApplication.ContentDatabases[contentDbId];
 
        // get a reference to the "Tasks" list in the RootWeb of the first site collection in the content database
        SPList taskList = contentDb.Sites[0].RootWeb.Lists["Tasks"];
 
        // create a new task, set the Title to the current day/time, and update the item
        SPListItem newTask = taskList.Items.Add();
        newTask["Title"] = DateTime.Now.ToString();
        newTask.Update();
 
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        LogHepler.LogToShrepointList(ex);
    }
}

在这个方法里我们可以同事实现很多任务,而我们这里只是改变了它的title。

下面我们来讲解TaskLoggerFeature的代码设计,首先引用:

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using Microsoft.SharePoint;
using Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration;

而后代码如下:

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public class TaskLoggerFeature : SPFeatureReceiver
{
    #region [Override Methods]
 
    /// <summary>
    /// Active the feature
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="properties"></param>
    public override void FeatureActivated(SPFeatureReceiverProperties properties)
    {
        SPSite site = properties.Feature.Parent as SPSite;
        SPSite currentSite = null;
        try
        {
            SPSecurity.RunWithElevatedPrivileges(delegate
            {
                currentSite = new SPSite(site.Url);
            });
 
            this.InstallTaskLoggerJob(currentSite);
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            LogHepler.InitConfigListSiteUrl(site.Url);
            LogHepler.LogToShrepointList(ex);
        }
        finally
        {
            if (currentSite != null)
            {
                currentSite.Dispose();
            }
        }
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// Deactive the feature
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="properties"></param>
    public override void FeatureDeactivating(SPFeatureReceiverProperties properties)
    {
        SPSite site = properties.Feature.Parent as SPSite;
        SPSite currentSite = null;
        try
        {
            SPSecurity.RunWithElevatedPrivileges(delegate
            {
                currentSite = new SPSite(site.Url);
            });
 
            SPWebApplication webApp = currentSite.WebApplication;
 
            this.UninstallTaskLoggerJob(webApp);
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            LogHepler.InitConfigListSiteUrl(site.Url);
            LogHepler.LogToShrepointList(ex);
        }
        finally
        {
            if (currentSite != null)
            {
                currentSite.Dispose();
            }
        }
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// Method that is executed when the feature end the installation
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="properties"></param>
    public override void FeatureInstalled(SPFeatureReceiverProperties properties)
    {
 
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// Method that is executed when the feature is unistalled
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="properties"></param>
    public override void FeatureUninstalling(SPFeatureReceiverProperties properties)
    {
 
    }
 
    #endregion
 
    #region [Private Methods]
 
    /// <summary>
    /// method to install the job
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="web"></param>
    private void InstallTaskLoggerJob(SPSite site)
    {
        TaskLoggerJob jobDef = new TaskLoggerJob("TaskLoggerJob", site.WebApplication);
 
        jobDef.Title = "TaskLoggerJob";
        jobDef.Properties.Add("SiteUrl", site.Url);
        this.InstallDayJob(jobDef, site, 23);
        //this.InstallHourJob(jobDef, site, 2);
        //this.InstallMinuteJob(jobDef, site, 10, 10);
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// Method to unistall a job
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="web">The SPWeb where need to remove the job</param>
    private void UninstallTaskLoggerJob(SPWebApplication webApp)
    {
        try
        {
            SPJobDefinitionCollection jobColl = webApp.JobDefinitions;
 
            if (jobColl != null)
            {
                List<Guid> idsToRemove = new List<Guid>();
                foreach (SPJobDefinition jobDef in jobColl)
                {
                    if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(jobDef.Title) && jobDef.Title.StartsWith("TaskLoggerJob"))
                    {
                        idsToRemove.Add(jobDef.Id);
                    }
                }
 
                if (idsToRemove.Count > 0)
                {
                    foreach (Guid gd in idsToRemove)
                    {
                        jobColl.Remove(gd);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            LogHepler.LogToShrepointList(ex);
        }
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// Method to install the job that will execute by hour
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="jobDef">The JobDefinition to apply</param>
    /// <param name="web">The SPWeb that will execute the job</param>
    /// <param name="minute">The minute to start the job in that hour</param>
    private void InstallDayJob(SPJobDefinition jobDef, SPSite site, int hour)
    {
        try
        {
            SPWebApplication webApp = site.WebApplication;
            SPJobDefinitionCollection jboColl = webApp.JobDefinitions;
 
            SPDailySchedule daySched = new SPDailySchedule();
            daySched.BeginHour = hour;
            daySched.BeginMinute = 0;
            daySched.BeginSecond = 0;
            daySched.EndHour = hour;
            daySched.EndMinute = 0;
            daySched.EndSecond = 0;
 
            jobDef.Schedule = daySched;
 
            SPJobDefinition oldJob = this.GetJobDeffinition(jobDef.Title, jboColl);
 
            if (oldJob != null)
            {
                jboColl.Remove(oldJob.Id);
                webApp.Update();
            }
 
            jboColl.Add(jobDef);
            webApp.Update();
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            LogHepler.LogToShrepointList(ex);
        }
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// Method to install the job that will execute by hour
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="jobDef">The JobDefinition to apply</param>
    /// <param name="web">The SPWeb that will execute the job</param>
    /// <param name="minute">The minute to start the job in that hour</param>
    private void InstallHourJob(SPJobDefinition jobDef, SPSite site, int minute)
    {
        try
        {
            SPWebApplication webApp = site.WebApplication;
            SPJobDefinitionCollection jboColl = webApp.JobDefinitions;
 
            SPHourlySchedule hourSched = new SPHourlySchedule();
            hourSched.BeginMinute = minute;
            jobDef.Schedule = hourSched;
 
            SPJobDefinition oldJob = this.GetJobDeffinition(jobDef.Title, jboColl);
 
            if (oldJob != null)
            {
                jboColl.Remove(oldJob.Id);
                webApp.Update();
            }
 
            jboColl.Add(jobDef);
            webApp.Update();
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            LogHepler.LogToShrepointList(ex);
        }
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// Method to install the job that will execute by minute
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="jobDef">The JobDefinition to apply</param>
    /// <param name="web">The SPWeb that will execute the job</param>
    /// <param name="secound">The seconds to start the job in that minute</param>
    private void InstallMinuteJob(SPJobDefinition jobDef, SPSite site, int second, int interval)
    {
        try
        {
            SPWebApplication webApp = site.WebApplication;
            SPJobDefinitionCollection jboColl = webApp.JobDefinitions;
           
            SPMinuteSchedule minSched = new SPMinuteSchedule();
            minSched.Interval = interval;
            minSched.BeginSecond = second;
            jobDef.Schedule = minSched;
 
            SPJobDefinition oldJob = this.GetJobDeffinition(jobDef.Title, jboColl);
 
            if (oldJob != null)
            {
                jboColl.Remove(oldJob.Id);
                webApp.Update();
            }
 
            jboColl.Add(jobDef);
            webApp.Update();
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            LogHepler.LogToShrepointList(ex);
        }
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// Get the JobDefinition to install or remove
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="Title">Title of the job</param>
    /// <param name="jobCollection">The JobCollection to find the job</param>
    /// <returns>JbDefinition that found in this collection</returns>
    private SPJobDefinition GetJobDeffinition(string Title, SPJobDefinitionCollection jobCollection)
    {
        SPJobDefinition result = null;
 
        if (jobCollection != null)
        {
            foreach (SPJobDefinition job in jobCollection)
            {
                if (job.Title.Equals(Title))
                {
                    result = job;
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
 
        return result;
    }
 
    #endregion
}

下面这个方法是激活这个Job的feature,在sharepoint里每一个Job都有一个feature来讲行实现,它会生成相应的feature的xml方件:

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/// <summary>
/// Active the feature
/// </summary>
/// <param name="properties"></param>
public override void FeatureActivated(SPFeatureReceiverProperties properties)
{
    SPSite site = properties.Feature.Parent as SPSite;
    SPSite currentSite = null;
    try
    {
        SPSecurity.RunWithElevatedPrivileges(delegate
        {
            currentSite = new SPSite(site.Url);
        });
 
        this.InstallTaskLoggerJob(currentSite);
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        LogHepler.InitConfigListSiteUrl(site.Url);
        LogHepler.LogToShrepointList(ex);
    }
    finally
    {
        if (currentSite != null)
        {
            currentSite.Dispose();
        }
    }
}
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卸载这个Job的方法如下:
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/// <summary>
/// Deactive the feature
/// </summary>
/// <param name="properties"></param>
public override void FeatureDeactivating(SPFeatureReceiverProperties properties)
{
    SPSite site = properties.Feature.Parent as SPSite;
    SPSite currentSite = null;
    try
    {
        SPSecurity.RunWithElevatedPrivileges(delegate
        {
            currentSite = new SPSite(site.Url);
        });
 
        SPWebApplication webApp = currentSite.WebApplication;
 
        this.UninstallTaskLoggerJob(webApp);
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        LogHepler.InitConfigListSiteUrl(site.Url);
        LogHepler.LogToShrepointList(ex);
    }
    finally
    {
        if (currentSite != null)
        {
            currentSite.Dispose();
        }
    }
}

 

Job的执行时间可以按分、时、天、月、年来执行可以进行如下定义,分、时、天。概据你的需要来执行。

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/// <summary>
/// Method to install the job that will execute by hour
/// </summary>
/// <param name="jobDef">The JobDefinition to apply</param>
/// <param name="web">The SPWeb that will execute the job</param>
/// <param name="minute">The minute to start the job in that hour</param>
private void InstallDayJob(SPJobDefinition jobDef, SPSite site, int hour)
{
    try
    {
        SPWebApplication webApp = site.WebApplication;
        SPJobDefinitionCollection jboColl = webApp.JobDefinitions;
 
        SPDailySchedule daySched = new SPDailySchedule();
        daySched.BeginHour = hour;
        daySched.BeginMinute = 0;
        daySched.BeginSecond = 0;
        daySched.EndHour = hour;
        daySched.EndMinute = 0;
        daySched.EndSecond = 0;
 
        jobDef.Schedule = daySched;
 
        SPJobDefinition oldJob = this.GetJobDeffinition(jobDef.Title, jboColl);
 
        if (oldJob != null)
        {
            jboColl.Remove(oldJob.Id);
            webApp.Update();
        }
 
        jboColl.Add(jobDef);
        webApp.Update();
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        LogHepler.LogToShrepointList(ex);
    }
}
 
/// <summary>
/// Method to install the job that will execute by hour
/// </summary>
/// <param name="jobDef">The JobDefinition to apply</param>
/// <param name="web">The SPWeb that will execute the job</param>
/// <param name="minute">The minute to start the job in that hour</param>
private void InstallHourJob(SPJobDefinition jobDef, SPSite site, int minute)
{
    try
    {
        SPWebApplication webApp = site.WebApplication;
        SPJobDefinitionCollection jboColl = webApp.JobDefinitions;
 
        SPHourlySchedule hourSched = new SPHourlySchedule();
        hourSched.BeginMinute = minute;
        jobDef.Schedule = hourSched;
 
        SPJobDefinition oldJob = this.GetJobDeffinition(jobDef.Title, jboColl);
 
        if (oldJob != null)
        {
            jboColl.Remove(oldJob.Id);
            webApp.Update();
        }
 
        jboColl.Add(jobDef);
        webApp.Update();
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        LogHepler.LogToShrepointList(ex);
    }
}
 
/// <summary>
/// Method to install the job that will execute by minute
/// </summary>
/// <param name="jobDef">The JobDefinition to apply</param>
/// <param name="web">The SPWeb that will execute the job</param>
/// <param name="secound">The seconds to start the job in that minute</param>
private void InstallMinuteJob(SPJobDefinition jobDef, SPSite site, int second, int interval)
{
    try
    {
        SPWebApplication webApp = site.WebApplication;
        SPJobDefinitionCollection jboColl = webApp.JobDefinitions;
       
        SPMinuteSchedule minSched = new SPMinuteSchedule();
        minSched.Interval = interval;
        minSched.BeginSecond = second;
        jobDef.Schedule = minSched;
 
        SPJobDefinition oldJob = this.GetJobDeffinition(jobDef.Title, jboColl);
 
        if (oldJob != null)
        {
            jboColl.Remove(oldJob.Id);
            webApp.Update();
        }
 
        jboColl.Add(jobDef);
        webApp.Update();
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        LogHepler.LogToShrepointList(ex);
    }
}

 

在完成了上面的代码设计后,我们接着就需要把Job布曙到服务器中。

要以上代码生成Windows SharePoint Solution Package (*.WSP) 来布曙。

 

步骤如下:

一、首先进入sharePoint Central administrator v3 管理页面选择Operation下的Solution Management

image

二、检索TaskLoggerJob.wsp

如果以前安装过这个Job先要卸载,再安装。  三、执行命令   stsadm -o addsolution -filename “TaskLoggerJob.wsp”  添加Job的solution

四、执行命令 stsadm -o deactivatefeature -name TaskLoggerJob -url http://[site]/       而后再执行命令  stsadm -o execadmsvcjobs  五、执行命令 stsadm -o activatefeature -name TaskLoggerJob -url http://[site]/       而后再执行命令  stsadm -o execadmsvcjobs

总结

sharepoint timer job是用来完成系统定里执行的一此任务,是由这个进程完成的OWSTIMER.EXE .

 

作者:spring yang

出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/springyangwc/

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configure: error: Package requirements (oniguruma) were not met configure:error:Packagerequirements(oniguruma)...configure:error:Packagerequirements(oniguruma)werenotmet 作者:Pastore Antonio
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