前言

  SharePoint 必备组件安装,一直以来都是SharePoint安装过程中的最大的坑,尤其是不能联网的服务器。博主在这里简单介绍一下离线安装过程,并附组件包下载以及安装命令,并且在windows server 2016中亲测可用,其他版本服务器请自行测试。

  1、组件介绍:

• Web Server (IIS) Role

• Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Native Client

• Microsoft ODBC Driver 11 for SQL Server

• Microsoft Sync Framework Runtime v1.0 SP1 (x64)

• Windows Server AppFabric

• Microsoft Identity Extensions

• Microsoft Information Protection and Control Client 2.1

• Microsoft WCF Data Services 5.6

• Microsoft .NET Framework 4.6

• Cumulative Update Package 7 for Microsoft AppFabric 1.1 for Windows Server (KB3092423)

• Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012

• Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2015

  2、准备工具的路径,如果你的服务器可以联网,那么你有福了,双击按照向导联网安装即可;

SharePoint 2016 必备组件离线安装介绍-DESTLIVE

  3、会弹出安装向导,直接下一步;

SharePoint 2016 必备组件离线安装介绍-DESTLIVE

  4、勾上同意再点下一步;

SharePoint 2016 必备组件离线安装介绍-DESTLIVE

  5、如果你没有联网,就只能手动安装了,你需要手动下载所有必备组件,然后执行命令;特别提示,如果你想手动安装,  WindowsServerAppFabricSetup_x64.exe这个千万别手动安装,否则会报错;在CMD命令里输入下面命令,记得修改盘符和必备组件的路径要提前改好;

SharePoint 2016 必备组件离线安装介绍-DESTLIVE

  6、详细的命令,记得改prerequisiteinstaller.exe的路径和安装包保存的路径;

D:\prerequisiteinstaller.exe /SQLNCli:C:\install\sqlncli.msi /ODBC:C:\install\msodbcsql.msi /Sync:C:\install\Synchronization.msi /AppFabric:C:\install\WindowsServerAppFabricSetup_x64.exe /IDFX11:C:\install\microsoftidentityextensions-64.msi /MSIPCClient:C:\install\setup_msipc_x64.exe /WCFDataServices56:C:\install\WcfDataServices.exe /DotNetFx:C:\install\NDP453-KB2969351-x86-x64-AllOS-ENU.exe /KB3092423:C:\install\AppFabric-KB3092423-x64-ENU.exe /MSVCRT11:C:\install\vcredist_x64.exe /MSVCRT14:C:\install\vc_redist.x64.exe

  7、输入命令回车以后,依然会弹出向导,点击下一步安装就可以了;

SharePoint 2016 必备组件离线安装介绍-DESTLIVE

  8、勾选同意点击下一步;

SharePoint 2016 必备组件离线安装介绍-DESTLIVE

  9、知道安装完毕,提示重启以后,如下对话框,就说明必备组件安装成功了!然后可以继续安装SharePoint了。

SharePoint 2016 必备组件离线安装介绍-DESTLIVE

  10、所有必备组件的下载地址,如下:

• Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Native Client

https://download.microsoft.com/download/4/B/1/4B1E9B0E-A4F3-4715-B417-31C82302A70A/ENU/x64/sqlncli.msi

• Microsoft ODBC Driver 11 for SQL Server

https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=36434

• Microsoft Sync Framework Runtime v1.0 SP1 (x64)

http://www.microsoft.com/en-ca/download/confirmation.aspx?id=17616

• Windows Server AppFabric

https://download.microsoft.com/download/A/6/7/A678AB47-496B-4907-B3D4-0A2D280A13C0/WindowsServerAppFabricSetup_x64.exe

• Microsoft Identity Extensions

http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=252368

• Microsoft Information Protection and Control Client 2.1

https://download.microsoft.com/download/3/C/F/3CF781F5-7D29-4035-9265-C34FF2369FA2/setup_msipc_x64.exe

• Microsoft WCF Data Services 5.6

http://www.microsoft.com/en-ca/download/confirmation.aspx?id=39373

• Microsoft .NET Framework 4.6

• Cumulative Update Package 7 for Microsoft AppFabric 1.1 for Windows Server (KB3092423)

https://download.microsoft.com/download/F/1/0/F1093AF6-E797-4CA8-A9F6-FC50024B385C/AppFabric-KB3092423-x64-ENU.exe

• Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012

https://download.microsoft.com/download/1/6/B/16B06F60-3B20-4FF2-B699-5E9B7962F9AE/VSU_4/vcredist_x64.exe

• Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2015

https://download.microsoft.com/download/9/3/F/93FCF1E7-E6A4-478B-96E7-D4B285925B00/vc_redist.x64.exe

  11、群主下载好的必备组件包,已经上传到百度网盘了,里面有所有的组件和安装命令的txt:

  链接:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1pLvXBg3 密码:61tu

参考链接

https://technet.microsoft.com/zh-cn/library/cc262485(v=office.16)#必备组件安装程序操作和命令行选项